The Cathedral of Monreale (Italian: Duomo di Monreale) is a church in Monreale, Metropolitan City of Palermo, Sicily, southern Italy. One of the greatest existent examples of Norman architecture, it was begun in 1174 by William II of Sicily. In 1182 the church, dedicated to the Nativity of the Virgin Mary, was, by a bull of Pope Lucius III, elevated to the rank of a metropolitan cathedral. Since 2015 it is part of the Arab-Norman Palermo and the Cathedral Churches of Cefalù and Monreale UNESCO Heritage site.
The church is a national monument of Italy and one of the most important attractions of Sicily.
The shrine of Santa Rosalia is a sanctuary on Monte Pellegrino, built around the XVII century on the basis of previous religious buildings in honor of the new patron saint of the city.The sanctuary is located inside a cave where there is a large amount of water which is channeled towards the outside.
The sanctuary contains the bones of Santa Rosalia and many votive offerings of the faithful devotees of the saint, whose bones, according to tradition, had been found on the mountain by a hunter in 1624 while the plague scourged the city. According to tradition, thanks to the discovery, the plague was defeated and the Senate of Palermo he dedicated the shrine.